The Earl Warren Legal Education Program, a 501(c)(3) nonprofit, was created to provide scholarships to African-American law students to promote civil rights and work in the public interest.  LDF`s first lawyer, Constance Baker Motley, wrote the original trial in Brown v. Board of Education and launched legal campaigns for several landmark cases of school desegregation. She was the first black woman to appear before the Supreme Court and won nine out of ten cases. Motley was the first black woman in the New York State Senate and the first woman to serve as president of the Manhattan borough. She later became the first black woman to serve as a federal judge. In July 2018, Joseph Ferguson was drugged by Constable McDonough of the Kenosha Police Department. Before the tasting, Mr. Ferguson did not actively resist, but Constable McDonough applied enough force to cause Mr. Ferguson`s jacket to fall and his pants to fall to the ground.
He was drugged as he stood in the street, his hands raised, wearing only his boxer shorts. Mr. Ferguson filed a lawsuit alleging that his civil rights had been violated. Constable McDonough invoked qualified immunity as a defence, but in a September 2021 decision, the court allowed his case and dismissed the officer`s appeal and the qualified immunity defence. The NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund (LDF) is the affiliate of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). LDF uses strategic litigation and legal advocacy to advance a center-left agenda that focuses on issues related to the interests of African Americans and ethnic minorities.   The NAACP Board of Directors established the Legal Defense Fund in 1940 specifically for tax purposes. In 1957, the DFL was completely separated from the NAACP and given its own independent board of directors and staff.  Although DFL was originally intended to operate in accordance with NAACP policy, serious disputes arose between the two organizations after 1961. These conflicts eventually led the NAACP to create its own in-house legal department, while LDF continued to operate as an independent organization and achieve significant legal victories.   Amount spent to raise $1 in charitable donations.
To calculate the effectiveness of a charity`s fundraising, we divide its average fundraising expenditures by the average total contributions it receives. We calculate the charity`s average expenditures and contributions over the past three fiscal years. LDF is completely independent and separate from the NAACP.  Although LDF can trace its origins back to the NAACP Legal Department, founded in the 1930s by Charles Hamilton Houston, Thurgood Marshall founded LDF as a separate legal entity in 1940 and LDF became completely independent of the NAACP in 1957.  The Earl Warren Legal Education Program, a 501(c)(3) public charity, “provides scholarships to minority rights students. The goal is to increase African-American representation in the legal profession and address the urgent need of minority clients for qualified and competent lawyers,” reads Note 1 of the Fund`s fiscal year 2019 consolidated audit. The most famous case in DFL history was Brown v. Board of Education, the seminal 1954 case in which the U.S. Supreme Court explicitly banned de jure racial segregation in public educational institutions. During the civil rights protests of the 1960s, the LDF represented “the legal arm of the civil rights movement” and advised Dr.
Martin Luther King Jr., among others.  The NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund, Inc. (LDF) is the leading U.S. legal organization fighting for racial justice. Founded in 1940 under the leadership of Thurgood Marshall, who later became the first African-American justice on the U.S. Supreme Court, LDF was created at a time when the nation`s aspirations for equality and due process were stifled by widespread state-sponsored racial inequality. From that time until today, LDF`s mission has always been transformative: to achieve racial justice, equality and an inclusive society. In April, LDF sent a letter asking Attorney General Garland to suspend funding to law enforcement until the Justice Department can ensure that recipients do not violate the anti-discrimination provisions of Title VI of the Civil Rights Act.
According to the NAACP Legal Defense & Educational Fund`s consolidated audit dated June 30, 2019 (Note 12, In-Kind Contributions), the Fund received in-kind contributions in fiscal year 2019, totalling $1,210,905. LDF is funded by grants from large center-left organizations. Audited financial statements provide important information on financial accountability and accuracy. They should be prepared by an independent auditor under the supervision of an audit committee. (The audit committee does not have to be a separate committee. For small charities, this is often the responsibility of the Finance Committee or the Executive Committee.) The committee provides a significant level of oversight between the organization`s management, who is responsible for financial reporting, and the independent accountant, who reviews finances and issues an opinion based on its findings.